As regards its commercial and industrial uses, biomass is used for the following:
As regards individual investments, biomass can be used for heating homes by burning wood chips or wood pellets (small pieces-agglomerates made by compressed wood powder) in modern high-tech boilers.
The most important economic, environmental and social benefits of biomass/biogas investments are:
The legal framework covering biomass applications is particularly extensive. Law 3851/2010 on Renewable Energy Sources (RES) has been particularly generous with respect to the incentives provided for the installation of biomass electricity generation plants. Particularly high and guaranteed selling prices are offered for the electricity produced, depending on the plant’s installed power and the origin of the fuel.
Moreover, a recent Ministerial Decision allows the use of biomass burners (for pellets) throughout Greece (including the cities of Athens and Thessaloniki) aiming at a further reduction of carbon dioxide emissions and maximum independence from oil.
Additional information is provided by organisations such as the Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Climate Change, and also Centre for Renewable Energy Sources and Saving (CRES).