Composting consists in the conversion of organic waste into useful soil improvers and organic fertilizers. Raw materials used for composting include the following:/p>
The establishment of composting plants depends on the availability of raw material, given that the raw material consists of waste produced by existing facilities. Large composting plants can only be established by companies or Local Authorities. Of course, composting can also take the form of small applications, at hotels or restaurants or even households, using special bins that can be installed in outdoor areas.
Composting entails numerous economic, environmental and social advantages:
The national legislative framework does not provide any license procedure of onsite composting e.g. at a restaurant or home. On the other hand, license for large-scale applications is required, for the transportation and composting of materials away from production sites.
Depending on the quantity and the type of waste, the Ministry of the Environment, Energy and Climate Change, the Decentralised Administration and the Region are responsible for issuing establishment and operating licenses for composting plants.