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Water Management

Water is one of the most important natural resources. The continuous increase in water consumption to cover the needs of the economy and society, widespread pollution of groundwater and surface waters, as well as the new conditions prevailing due to climate change (such as reduced rainfall) increase the pressure for more rational water resource management.

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Investments in water management projects include the implementation of practices and the installation of equipment aimed at reducing losses at the source, recycling, collection and water processing.

  • Water savings in households can be achieved through the installation of special devices (automatic taps, dual flush units);
  • As regards the Local Authorities, similar results can be achieved through control at the source by recording and reducing leakages and network losses;
  • As regards the industry, consumption can be reduced through changes to the production processes, equipment and infrastructure (changes to products, raw materials and technologies); Moreover, in the water recycling sector, water reuse applications can be adopted for specific industrial needs e.g. material cooling;
  • Finally, there are several applications pertaining to the installation of water management systems (collection, processing, exploitation), such as:
    • installation of reservoirs and networks for the collection and reuse of rainwater;
    • installation of desalination plants in anhydrous island areas (desalination consists in recovering drinking water from sea water, brackish water or low quality water, by removing salts).

Advantages - Environmental Benefits

Businesses and households can apply simple, usually low-cost, water-saving solutions that:

  • do not degrade the quality of their activities;
  • can have a significant positive impact on water saving, and
  • can have a positive impact on their operational costs.

Institutional Framework

With respect to investment plans aimed at the creation of water management/saving plants, installations are subject to licensing procedures for the unit’s equipment and the processing of water resources. Depending on the size and the location of the investment, licensing includes approvals from the Decentralised Administration and the Region.